Specify lavaan model for bivariate latent change score models

specify_bi_lcsm(
  timepoints,
  var_x,
  model_x,
  var_y,
  model_y,
  coupling,
  add = NULL,
  change_letter_x = "g",
  change_letter_y = "j"
)

Arguments

timepoints

Number of timepoints.

var_x

Vector, specifying variables measuring one construct of the model.

model_x

List, specifying model specifications (logical) for variables specified in var_x.

  • alpha_constant (Constant change factor),

  • alpha_piecewise (Piecewise constant change factors),

  • alpha_piecewise_num (Changepoint of piecewise constant change factors),

  • alpha_linear (Linear change factor),

  • beta (Proportional change factor),

  • phi (Autoregression of change scores).

var_y

Vector, specifying variables measuring another construct of the model.

model_y

List, specifying model specifications (logical) for variables specified in var_y.

  • alpha_constant (Constant change factor),

  • alpha_piecewise (Piecewise constant change factors),

  • alpha_piecewise_num (Changepoint of piecewise constant change factors),

  • alpha_linear (Linear change factor),

  • beta (Proportional change factor),

  • phi (Autoregression of change scores).

coupling

List, specifying coupling parameters.

  • coupling_piecewise (Piecewise coupling parameters),

  • coupling_piecewise_num (Changepoint of piecewise coupling parameters),

  • delta_con_xy (True score y predicting concurrent change score x),

  • delta_lag_xy (True score y predicting subsequent change score x),

  • delta_con_yx (True score x predicting concurrent change score y),

  • delta_lag_yx (True score x predicting subsequent change score y),

  • xi_con_xy (Change score y predicting concurrent change score x),

  • xi_lag_xy (Change score y predicting subsequent change score x),

  • xi_con_yx (Change score x predicting concurrent change score y),

  • xi_lag_yx (Change score x predicting subsequent change score y).

add

String, lavaan syntax to be added to the model

change_letter_x

String, specifying letter to be used as change factor for construct x in lavaan syntax.

change_letter_y

String, specifying letter to be used as change factor for construct y in lavaan syntax.

Value

Lavaan model syntax including comments.

References

Ghisletta, P., & McArdle, J. J. (2012). Latent Curve Models and Latent Change Score Models Estimated in R. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 19(4), 651–682. <doi:doi.org/10.1080/10705511.2012.713275>.

Grimm, K. J., Ram, N., & Estabrook, R. (2017). Growth Modeling—Structural Equation and Multilevel Modeling Approaches. New York: The Guilford Press.

McArdle, J. J. (2009). Latent variable modeling of differences and changes with longitudinal data. Annual Review of Psychology, 60(1), 577–605. <doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.60.110707.163612>.

Yves Rosseel (2012). lavaan: An R Package for Structural Equation Modeling. Journal of Statistical Software, 48(2), 1-36. http://www.jstatsoft.org/v48/i02/.

Examples

# Specify bivariate LCSM lavaan_bi_lcsm_01 <- specify_bi_lcsm(timepoints = 10, var_x = "x", model_x = list(alpha_constant = TRUE, beta = TRUE, phi = TRUE), var_y = "y", model_y = list(alpha_constant = TRUE, beta = TRUE, phi = TRUE), coupling = list(delta_lag_xy = TRUE, delta_lag_yx = TRUE), change_letter_x = "g", change_letter_y = "j") # To look at string simply return the object lavaan_bi_lcsm_01
#> [1] "# # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #\n# Specify parameters for construct x ----\n# # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #\n# Specify latent true scores \nlx1 =~ 1 * x1 \nlx2 =~ 1 * x2 \nlx3 =~ 1 * x3 \nlx4 =~ 1 * x4 \nlx5 =~ 1 * x5 \nlx6 =~ 1 * x6 \nlx7 =~ 1 * x7 \nlx8 =~ 1 * x8 \nlx9 =~ 1 * x9 \nlx10 =~ 1 * x10 \n# Specify mean of latent true scores \nlx1 ~ gamma_lx1 * 1 \nlx2 ~ 0 * 1 \nlx3 ~ 0 * 1 \nlx4 ~ 0 * 1 \nlx5 ~ 0 * 1 \nlx6 ~ 0 * 1 \nlx7 ~ 0 * 1 \nlx8 ~ 0 * 1 \nlx9 ~ 0 * 1 \nlx10 ~ 0 * 1 \n# Specify variance of latent true scores \nlx1 ~~ sigma2_lx1 * lx1 \nlx2 ~~ 0 * lx2 \nlx3 ~~ 0 * lx3 \nlx4 ~~ 0 * lx4 \nlx5 ~~ 0 * lx5 \nlx6 ~~ 0 * lx6 \nlx7 ~~ 0 * lx7 \nlx8 ~~ 0 * lx8 \nlx9 ~~ 0 * lx9 \nlx10 ~~ 0 * lx10 \n# Specify intercept of obseved scores \nx1 ~ 0 * 1 \nx2 ~ 0 * 1 \nx3 ~ 0 * 1 \nx4 ~ 0 * 1 \nx5 ~ 0 * 1 \nx6 ~ 0 * 1 \nx7 ~ 0 * 1 \nx8 ~ 0 * 1 \nx9 ~ 0 * 1 \nx10 ~ 0 * 1 \n# Specify variance of observed scores \nx1 ~~ sigma2_ux * x1 \nx2 ~~ sigma2_ux * x2 \nx3 ~~ sigma2_ux * x3 \nx4 ~~ sigma2_ux * x4 \nx5 ~~ sigma2_ux * x5 \nx6 ~~ sigma2_ux * x6 \nx7 ~~ sigma2_ux * x7 \nx8 ~~ sigma2_ux * x8 \nx9 ~~ sigma2_ux * x9 \nx10 ~~ sigma2_ux * x10 \n# Specify autoregressions of latent variables \nlx2 ~ 1 * lx1 \nlx3 ~ 1 * lx2 \nlx4 ~ 1 * lx3 \nlx5 ~ 1 * lx4 \nlx6 ~ 1 * lx5 \nlx7 ~ 1 * lx6 \nlx8 ~ 1 * lx7 \nlx9 ~ 1 * lx8 \nlx10 ~ 1 * lx9 \n# Specify latent change scores \ndx2 =~ 1 * lx2 \ndx3 =~ 1 * lx3 \ndx4 =~ 1 * lx4 \ndx5 =~ 1 * lx5 \ndx6 =~ 1 * lx6 \ndx7 =~ 1 * lx7 \ndx8 =~ 1 * lx8 \ndx9 =~ 1 * lx9 \ndx10 =~ 1 * lx10 \n# Specify latent change scores means \ndx2 ~ 0 * 1 \ndx3 ~ 0 * 1 \ndx4 ~ 0 * 1 \ndx5 ~ 0 * 1 \ndx6 ~ 0 * 1 \ndx7 ~ 0 * 1 \ndx8 ~ 0 * 1 \ndx9 ~ 0 * 1 \ndx10 ~ 0 * 1 \n# Specify latent change scores variances \ndx2 ~~ 0 * dx2 \ndx3 ~~ 0 * dx3 \ndx4 ~~ 0 * dx4 \ndx5 ~~ 0 * dx5 \ndx6 ~~ 0 * dx6 \ndx7 ~~ 0 * dx7 \ndx8 ~~ 0 * dx8 \ndx9 ~~ 0 * dx9 \ndx10 ~~ 0 * dx10 \n# Specify constant change factor \ng2 =~ 1 * dx2 + 1 * dx3 + 1 * dx4 + 1 * dx5 + 1 * dx6 + 1 * dx7 + 1 * dx8 + 1 * dx9 + 1 * dx10 \n# Specify constant change factor mean \ng2 ~ alpha_g2 * 1 \n# Specify constant change factor variance \ng2 ~~ sigma2_g2 * g2 \n# Specify constant change factor covariance with the initial true score \ng2 ~~ sigma_g2lx1 * lx1\n# Specify proportional change component \ndx2 ~ beta_x * lx1 \ndx3 ~ beta_x * lx2 \ndx4 ~ beta_x * lx3 \ndx5 ~ beta_x * lx4 \ndx6 ~ beta_x * lx5 \ndx7 ~ beta_x * lx6 \ndx8 ~ beta_x * lx7 \ndx9 ~ beta_x * lx8 \ndx10 ~ beta_x * lx9 \n# Specify autoregression of change score \ndx3 ~ phi_x * dx2 \ndx4 ~ phi_x * dx3 \ndx5 ~ phi_x * dx4 \ndx6 ~ phi_x * dx5 \ndx7 ~ phi_x * dx6 \ndx8 ~ phi_x * dx7 \ndx9 ~ phi_x * dx8 \ndx10 ~ phi_x * dx9 \n# # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #\n# Specify parameters for construct y ----\n# # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #\n# Specify latent true scores \nly1 =~ 1 * y1 \nly2 =~ 1 * y2 \nly3 =~ 1 * y3 \nly4 =~ 1 * y4 \nly5 =~ 1 * y5 \nly6 =~ 1 * y6 \nly7 =~ 1 * y7 \nly8 =~ 1 * y8 \nly9 =~ 1 * y9 \nly10 =~ 1 * y10 \n# Specify mean of latent true scores \nly1 ~ gamma_ly1 * 1 \nly2 ~ 0 * 1 \nly3 ~ 0 * 1 \nly4 ~ 0 * 1 \nly5 ~ 0 * 1 \nly6 ~ 0 * 1 \nly7 ~ 0 * 1 \nly8 ~ 0 * 1 \nly9 ~ 0 * 1 \nly10 ~ 0 * 1 \n# Specify variance of latent true scores \nly1 ~~ sigma2_ly1 * ly1 \nly2 ~~ 0 * ly2 \nly3 ~~ 0 * ly3 \nly4 ~~ 0 * ly4 \nly5 ~~ 0 * ly5 \nly6 ~~ 0 * ly6 \nly7 ~~ 0 * ly7 \nly8 ~~ 0 * ly8 \nly9 ~~ 0 * ly9 \nly10 ~~ 0 * ly10 \n# Specify intercept of obseved scores \ny1 ~ 0 * 1 \ny2 ~ 0 * 1 \ny3 ~ 0 * 1 \ny4 ~ 0 * 1 \ny5 ~ 0 * 1 \ny6 ~ 0 * 1 \ny7 ~ 0 * 1 \ny8 ~ 0 * 1 \ny9 ~ 0 * 1 \ny10 ~ 0 * 1 \n# Specify variance of observed scores \ny1 ~~ sigma2_uy * y1 \ny2 ~~ sigma2_uy * y2 \ny3 ~~ sigma2_uy * y3 \ny4 ~~ sigma2_uy * y4 \ny5 ~~ sigma2_uy * y5 \ny6 ~~ sigma2_uy * y6 \ny7 ~~ sigma2_uy * y7 \ny8 ~~ sigma2_uy * y8 \ny9 ~~ sigma2_uy * y9 \ny10 ~~ sigma2_uy * y10 \n# Specify autoregressions of latent variables \nly2 ~ 1 * ly1 \nly3 ~ 1 * ly2 \nly4 ~ 1 * ly3 \nly5 ~ 1 * ly4 \nly6 ~ 1 * ly5 \nly7 ~ 1 * ly6 \nly8 ~ 1 * ly7 \nly9 ~ 1 * ly8 \nly10 ~ 1 * ly9 \n# Specify latent change scores \ndy2 =~ 1 * ly2 \ndy3 =~ 1 * ly3 \ndy4 =~ 1 * ly4 \ndy5 =~ 1 * ly5 \ndy6 =~ 1 * ly6 \ndy7 =~ 1 * ly7 \ndy8 =~ 1 * ly8 \ndy9 =~ 1 * ly9 \ndy10 =~ 1 * ly10 \n# Specify latent change scores means \ndy2 ~ 0 * 1 \ndy3 ~ 0 * 1 \ndy4 ~ 0 * 1 \ndy5 ~ 0 * 1 \ndy6 ~ 0 * 1 \ndy7 ~ 0 * 1 \ndy8 ~ 0 * 1 \ndy9 ~ 0 * 1 \ndy10 ~ 0 * 1 \n# Specify latent change scores variances \ndy2 ~~ 0 * dy2 \ndy3 ~~ 0 * dy3 \ndy4 ~~ 0 * dy4 \ndy5 ~~ 0 * dy5 \ndy6 ~~ 0 * dy6 \ndy7 ~~ 0 * dy7 \ndy8 ~~ 0 * dy8 \ndy9 ~~ 0 * dy9 \ndy10 ~~ 0 * dy10 \n# Specify constant change factor \nj2 =~ 1 * dy2 + 1 * dy3 + 1 * dy4 + 1 * dy5 + 1 * dy6 + 1 * dy7 + 1 * dy8 + 1 * dy9 + 1 * dy10 \n# Specify constant change factor mean \nj2 ~ alpha_j2 * 1 \n# Specify constant change factor variance \nj2 ~~ sigma2_j2 * j2 \n# Specify constant change factor covariance with the initial true score \nj2 ~~ sigma_j2ly1 * ly1\n# Specify proportional change component \ndy2 ~ beta_y * ly1 \ndy3 ~ beta_y * ly2 \ndy4 ~ beta_y * ly3 \ndy5 ~ beta_y * ly4 \ndy6 ~ beta_y * ly5 \ndy7 ~ beta_y * ly6 \ndy8 ~ beta_y * ly7 \ndy9 ~ beta_y * ly8 \ndy10 ~ beta_y * ly9 \n# Specify autoregression of change score \ndy3 ~ phi_y * dy2 \ndy4 ~ phi_y * dy3 \ndy5 ~ phi_y * dy4 \ndy6 ~ phi_y * dy5 \ndy7 ~ phi_y * dy6 \ndy8 ~ phi_y * dy7 \ndy9 ~ phi_y * dy8 \ndy10 ~ phi_y * dy9 \n# Specify residual covariances \nx1 ~~ sigma_su * y1 \nx2 ~~ sigma_su * y2 \nx3 ~~ sigma_su * y3 \nx4 ~~ sigma_su * y4 \nx5 ~~ sigma_su * y5 \nx6 ~~ sigma_su * y6 \nx7 ~~ sigma_su * y7 \nx8 ~~ sigma_su * y8 \nx9 ~~ sigma_su * y9 \nx10 ~~ sigma_su * y10 \n# # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #\n# Specify covariances betweeen specified change components (alpha) and intercepts (initial latent true scores lx1 and ly1) ----\n# # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #\n# Specify covariance of intercepts \nlx1 ~~ sigma_ly1lx1 * ly1 \n# Specify covariance of constant change and intercept between constructs \nly1 ~~ sigma_g2ly1 * g2 \n# Specify covariance of constant change and intercept between constructs \nlx1 ~~ sigma_j2lx1 * j2 \n# Specify covariance of constant change factors between constructs \ng2 ~~ sigma_j2g2 * j2 \n# # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #\n# Specify between-construct coupling parameters ----\n# # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #\n# Change score x (t) is determined by true score y (t-1) \ndx2 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly1 \ndx3 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly2 \ndx4 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly3 \ndx5 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly4 \ndx6 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly5 \ndx7 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly6 \ndx8 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly7 \ndx9 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly8 \ndx10 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly9 \n# Change score y (t) is determined by true score x (t-1) \ndy2 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx1 \ndy3 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx2 \ndy4 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx3 \ndy5 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx4 \ndy6 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx5 \ndy7 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx6 \ndy8 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx7 \ndy9 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx8 \ndy10 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx9 \n"
# To get a readable output use cat() function cat(lavaan_bi_lcsm_01)
#> # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #> # Specify parameters for construct x ---- #> # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #> # Specify latent true scores #> lx1 =~ 1 * x1 #> lx2 =~ 1 * x2 #> lx3 =~ 1 * x3 #> lx4 =~ 1 * x4 #> lx5 =~ 1 * x5 #> lx6 =~ 1 * x6 #> lx7 =~ 1 * x7 #> lx8 =~ 1 * x8 #> lx9 =~ 1 * x9 #> lx10 =~ 1 * x10 #> # Specify mean of latent true scores #> lx1 ~ gamma_lx1 * 1 #> lx2 ~ 0 * 1 #> lx3 ~ 0 * 1 #> lx4 ~ 0 * 1 #> lx5 ~ 0 * 1 #> lx6 ~ 0 * 1 #> lx7 ~ 0 * 1 #> lx8 ~ 0 * 1 #> lx9 ~ 0 * 1 #> lx10 ~ 0 * 1 #> # Specify variance of latent true scores #> lx1 ~~ sigma2_lx1 * lx1 #> lx2 ~~ 0 * lx2 #> lx3 ~~ 0 * lx3 #> lx4 ~~ 0 * lx4 #> lx5 ~~ 0 * lx5 #> lx6 ~~ 0 * lx6 #> lx7 ~~ 0 * lx7 #> lx8 ~~ 0 * lx8 #> lx9 ~~ 0 * lx9 #> lx10 ~~ 0 * lx10 #> # Specify intercept of obseved scores #> x1 ~ 0 * 1 #> x2 ~ 0 * 1 #> x3 ~ 0 * 1 #> x4 ~ 0 * 1 #> x5 ~ 0 * 1 #> x6 ~ 0 * 1 #> x7 ~ 0 * 1 #> x8 ~ 0 * 1 #> x9 ~ 0 * 1 #> x10 ~ 0 * 1 #> # Specify variance of observed scores #> x1 ~~ sigma2_ux * x1 #> x2 ~~ sigma2_ux * x2 #> x3 ~~ sigma2_ux * x3 #> x4 ~~ sigma2_ux * x4 #> x5 ~~ sigma2_ux * x5 #> x6 ~~ sigma2_ux * x6 #> x7 ~~ sigma2_ux * x7 #> x8 ~~ sigma2_ux * x8 #> x9 ~~ sigma2_ux * x9 #> x10 ~~ sigma2_ux * x10 #> # Specify autoregressions of latent variables #> lx2 ~ 1 * lx1 #> lx3 ~ 1 * lx2 #> lx4 ~ 1 * lx3 #> lx5 ~ 1 * lx4 #> lx6 ~ 1 * lx5 #> lx7 ~ 1 * lx6 #> lx8 ~ 1 * lx7 #> lx9 ~ 1 * lx8 #> lx10 ~ 1 * lx9 #> # Specify latent change scores #> dx2 =~ 1 * lx2 #> dx3 =~ 1 * lx3 #> dx4 =~ 1 * lx4 #> dx5 =~ 1 * lx5 #> dx6 =~ 1 * lx6 #> dx7 =~ 1 * lx7 #> dx8 =~ 1 * lx8 #> dx9 =~ 1 * lx9 #> dx10 =~ 1 * lx10 #> # Specify latent change scores means #> dx2 ~ 0 * 1 #> dx3 ~ 0 * 1 #> dx4 ~ 0 * 1 #> dx5 ~ 0 * 1 #> dx6 ~ 0 * 1 #> dx7 ~ 0 * 1 #> dx8 ~ 0 * 1 #> dx9 ~ 0 * 1 #> dx10 ~ 0 * 1 #> # Specify latent change scores variances #> dx2 ~~ 0 * dx2 #> dx3 ~~ 0 * dx3 #> dx4 ~~ 0 * dx4 #> dx5 ~~ 0 * dx5 #> dx6 ~~ 0 * dx6 #> dx7 ~~ 0 * dx7 #> dx8 ~~ 0 * dx8 #> dx9 ~~ 0 * dx9 #> dx10 ~~ 0 * dx10 #> # Specify constant change factor #> g2 =~ 1 * dx2 + 1 * dx3 + 1 * dx4 + 1 * dx5 + 1 * dx6 + 1 * dx7 + 1 * dx8 + 1 * dx9 + 1 * dx10 #> # Specify constant change factor mean #> g2 ~ alpha_g2 * 1 #> # Specify constant change factor variance #> g2 ~~ sigma2_g2 * g2 #> # Specify constant change factor covariance with the initial true score #> g2 ~~ sigma_g2lx1 * lx1 #> # Specify proportional change component #> dx2 ~ beta_x * lx1 #> dx3 ~ beta_x * lx2 #> dx4 ~ beta_x * lx3 #> dx5 ~ beta_x * lx4 #> dx6 ~ beta_x * lx5 #> dx7 ~ beta_x * lx6 #> dx8 ~ beta_x * lx7 #> dx9 ~ beta_x * lx8 #> dx10 ~ beta_x * lx9 #> # Specify autoregression of change score #> dx3 ~ phi_x * dx2 #> dx4 ~ phi_x * dx3 #> dx5 ~ phi_x * dx4 #> dx6 ~ phi_x * dx5 #> dx7 ~ phi_x * dx6 #> dx8 ~ phi_x * dx7 #> dx9 ~ phi_x * dx8 #> dx10 ~ phi_x * dx9 #> # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #> # Specify parameters for construct y ---- #> # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #> # Specify latent true scores #> ly1 =~ 1 * y1 #> ly2 =~ 1 * y2 #> ly3 =~ 1 * y3 #> ly4 =~ 1 * y4 #> ly5 =~ 1 * y5 #> ly6 =~ 1 * y6 #> ly7 =~ 1 * y7 #> ly8 =~ 1 * y8 #> ly9 =~ 1 * y9 #> ly10 =~ 1 * y10 #> # Specify mean of latent true scores #> ly1 ~ gamma_ly1 * 1 #> ly2 ~ 0 * 1 #> ly3 ~ 0 * 1 #> ly4 ~ 0 * 1 #> ly5 ~ 0 * 1 #> ly6 ~ 0 * 1 #> ly7 ~ 0 * 1 #> ly8 ~ 0 * 1 #> ly9 ~ 0 * 1 #> ly10 ~ 0 * 1 #> # Specify variance of latent true scores #> ly1 ~~ sigma2_ly1 * ly1 #> ly2 ~~ 0 * ly2 #> ly3 ~~ 0 * ly3 #> ly4 ~~ 0 * ly4 #> ly5 ~~ 0 * ly5 #> ly6 ~~ 0 * ly6 #> ly7 ~~ 0 * ly7 #> ly8 ~~ 0 * ly8 #> ly9 ~~ 0 * ly9 #> ly10 ~~ 0 * ly10 #> # Specify intercept of obseved scores #> y1 ~ 0 * 1 #> y2 ~ 0 * 1 #> y3 ~ 0 * 1 #> y4 ~ 0 * 1 #> y5 ~ 0 * 1 #> y6 ~ 0 * 1 #> y7 ~ 0 * 1 #> y8 ~ 0 * 1 #> y9 ~ 0 * 1 #> y10 ~ 0 * 1 #> # Specify variance of observed scores #> y1 ~~ sigma2_uy * y1 #> y2 ~~ sigma2_uy * y2 #> y3 ~~ sigma2_uy * y3 #> y4 ~~ sigma2_uy * y4 #> y5 ~~ sigma2_uy * y5 #> y6 ~~ sigma2_uy * y6 #> y7 ~~ sigma2_uy * y7 #> y8 ~~ sigma2_uy * y8 #> y9 ~~ sigma2_uy * y9 #> y10 ~~ sigma2_uy * y10 #> # Specify autoregressions of latent variables #> ly2 ~ 1 * ly1 #> ly3 ~ 1 * ly2 #> ly4 ~ 1 * ly3 #> ly5 ~ 1 * ly4 #> ly6 ~ 1 * ly5 #> ly7 ~ 1 * ly6 #> ly8 ~ 1 * ly7 #> ly9 ~ 1 * ly8 #> ly10 ~ 1 * ly9 #> # Specify latent change scores #> dy2 =~ 1 * ly2 #> dy3 =~ 1 * ly3 #> dy4 =~ 1 * ly4 #> dy5 =~ 1 * ly5 #> dy6 =~ 1 * ly6 #> dy7 =~ 1 * ly7 #> dy8 =~ 1 * ly8 #> dy9 =~ 1 * ly9 #> dy10 =~ 1 * ly10 #> # Specify latent change scores means #> dy2 ~ 0 * 1 #> dy3 ~ 0 * 1 #> dy4 ~ 0 * 1 #> dy5 ~ 0 * 1 #> dy6 ~ 0 * 1 #> dy7 ~ 0 * 1 #> dy8 ~ 0 * 1 #> dy9 ~ 0 * 1 #> dy10 ~ 0 * 1 #> # Specify latent change scores variances #> dy2 ~~ 0 * dy2 #> dy3 ~~ 0 * dy3 #> dy4 ~~ 0 * dy4 #> dy5 ~~ 0 * dy5 #> dy6 ~~ 0 * dy6 #> dy7 ~~ 0 * dy7 #> dy8 ~~ 0 * dy8 #> dy9 ~~ 0 * dy9 #> dy10 ~~ 0 * dy10 #> # Specify constant change factor #> j2 =~ 1 * dy2 + 1 * dy3 + 1 * dy4 + 1 * dy5 + 1 * dy6 + 1 * dy7 + 1 * dy8 + 1 * dy9 + 1 * dy10 #> # Specify constant change factor mean #> j2 ~ alpha_j2 * 1 #> # Specify constant change factor variance #> j2 ~~ sigma2_j2 * j2 #> # Specify constant change factor covariance with the initial true score #> j2 ~~ sigma_j2ly1 * ly1 #> # Specify proportional change component #> dy2 ~ beta_y * ly1 #> dy3 ~ beta_y * ly2 #> dy4 ~ beta_y * ly3 #> dy5 ~ beta_y * ly4 #> dy6 ~ beta_y * ly5 #> dy7 ~ beta_y * ly6 #> dy8 ~ beta_y * ly7 #> dy9 ~ beta_y * ly8 #> dy10 ~ beta_y * ly9 #> # Specify autoregression of change score #> dy3 ~ phi_y * dy2 #> dy4 ~ phi_y * dy3 #> dy5 ~ phi_y * dy4 #> dy6 ~ phi_y * dy5 #> dy7 ~ phi_y * dy6 #> dy8 ~ phi_y * dy7 #> dy9 ~ phi_y * dy8 #> dy10 ~ phi_y * dy9 #> # Specify residual covariances #> x1 ~~ sigma_su * y1 #> x2 ~~ sigma_su * y2 #> x3 ~~ sigma_su * y3 #> x4 ~~ sigma_su * y4 #> x5 ~~ sigma_su * y5 #> x6 ~~ sigma_su * y6 #> x7 ~~ sigma_su * y7 #> x8 ~~ sigma_su * y8 #> x9 ~~ sigma_su * y9 #> x10 ~~ sigma_su * y10 #> # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #> # Specify covariances betweeen specified change components (alpha) and intercepts (initial latent true scores lx1 and ly1) ---- #> # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #> # Specify covariance of intercepts #> lx1 ~~ sigma_ly1lx1 * ly1 #> # Specify covariance of constant change and intercept between constructs #> ly1 ~~ sigma_g2ly1 * g2 #> # Specify covariance of constant change and intercept between constructs #> lx1 ~~ sigma_j2lx1 * j2 #> # Specify covariance of constant change factors between constructs #> g2 ~~ sigma_j2g2 * j2 #> # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #> # Specify between-construct coupling parameters ---- #> # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #> # Change score x (t) is determined by true score y (t-1) #> dx2 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly1 #> dx3 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly2 #> dx4 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly3 #> dx5 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly4 #> dx6 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly5 #> dx7 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly6 #> dx8 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly7 #> dx9 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly8 #> dx10 ~ delta_lag_xy * ly9 #> # Change score y (t) is determined by true score x (t-1) #> dy2 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx1 #> dy3 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx2 #> dy4 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx3 #> dy5 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx4 #> dy6 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx5 #> dy7 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx6 #> dy8 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx7 #> dy9 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx8 #> dy10 ~ delta_lag_yx * lx9